LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF SPORT EQUIPMENTS BALLS

Posted by quentin_baret
Contact: 
Edouard FOURDRIN - ADEME Alexis GERARD - INTERTEK-RDC Johan LHOTELLIER - INTERTEK-RDC
Type: 
Full LCA not available on the web
Comparative: 
no
Publication year: 
2012
Language: 
English
Code: 
Others
Product: 
Ball (like football, rugby ball, basketball, volleyball, etc.)
Quality and sources
Is the study a: 
Detailed LCA
Was a critical review performed?: 
Yes
Is the study compliant with ISO 14044?: 
Yes
Sponsor name(s): 
ADEME
Sponsor type: 
Public administration
Practitioner(s): 
Alexis GERARD - INTERTEK-RDC
Practitioner(s): 
Johan LHOTELLIER - INTERTEK-RDC
Practitioner(s) type: 
Company
Summary
Goal and scope of the summary: 
The scope of the LCA2 study is a ball (like football, rugby ball, basketball, volleyball, etc.). The study considers only the facilities used for competition and / or leisure. Facilities used for game and initiation are not included in the scope of the study. The LCA results are intended to: - Establish orders of magnitude for environmental impacts of the life cycle of the products studied and identify phases with the highest environmental contribution  - Identify the most important points to which results are sensitive.  - Help to define the methodological referential. The environmental impacts are based on (reference flow):  - One ball  - Its packaging Areas concerned are : - Thailand for the production of natural rubber - USA for synthetic rubber production - Asia (China) for the production of other components and ball assembling - France for the distribution, use and the end of life Time period is 2011 because it corresponds to the data collection period.

The results refer to a functional unit which does not include the quality of the balls and the lifetime. It can strongly influence the results.
The quality of collected data for ball’s production stage is not equivalent.
Several production technologies exist on the market:
- The balls with a bladder
- The panel balls: balls with exterior layer composed of panels.
- The rubber profile balls: balls with exterior layer made of rubber (synthetic or natural).
- The balls without a bladder
- The rotomolded balls: balls manufactured in a rotating mold.
The most contributing life cycle phases for balls with a bladder are:
- Raw materials production (see the section III.5.10 for more precisions)
- Bladder production
- Distribution
- End of life of balls
The most contributing life cycle phases for balls without a bladder are:
- Raw materials production
- Assembly factory
- End of life of the ball

The five indicators recommended to quantify the impacts are:
- Greenhouse effect
- Fossil resources depletion
- Freshwater eutrophication
- Marine eutrophication
- Acidification
The most relevant indicators for the environmental labeling are:
- Greenhouse effect
- Acidification
- Fresh water eutrophication



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