Life Cycle Assessment of Tissue Products by Kimberly-Clark

Posted by Ingrid Bredesen...
Type: 
Full LCA available on the web
Comparative: 
yes
Publication year: 
2007
Language: 
English
Code: 
Cleaning
Product: 
Tissue
Quality and sources
Is the study a: 
Detailed LCA
Was a critical review performed?: 
Yes
Is the study compliant with ISO 14044?: 
Yes
Sponsor name(s): 
Kimberly-Clark
Sponsor type: 
Company
Practitioner(s): 
Environmental Resources Management Limited
Practitioner(s) type: 
Company
Summary
Functional unit: 
40,000 sheets of regular/economy bathroom tissue; 72,000 linear feet (app. 22 km) of 8 inch (approximately 20 cm) wide hard roll towel; 5,600 sheets of premium facial tissue; 2,100 sheets of regular kitchen towel; 73,000 ft (22,250 m) of premium folded toilet tissue ; 160 rolls of common toilet tissue (~26,000 sheets) ; 68,000 product A centre fed roll wiper sheets, or 82,000 Product B centre fed roll wiper sheets
Goal and scope of the summary: 
The goal of the study was to identify the environmental performance of seven tissue products manufactured by Kimberly-Clarks, and to use the results to improve the individual life cycle stages of the products.

The goal of the study was to determine the environmental performance of seven tissue
products manufactured by Kimberly-Clarks, and the environmental trade-offs
associated with the use of virgin fibres and recycled fibres in tissue
products. A differentiation between markets (home and business), as well as
between North America and Europa, provided greater variation in product and
market conditions, product design and recycling infrastructure. In the study, the data is grouped according to inputs, energy use, water use, wastewater effluents (TSS and BOD), non-hazardous and hazardous waste, and air emissions (CO2, N2O, CH4, PM, NOx, CO, SOx, and VOC).The results of the
separate studies were interpreted and the conclusions gave rise to potential
improvement in the individual life cycle stages of the products.

Material impact(s): 
Ozone layer depletion
Raw material impact level: 
Medium
Manufacturing impact(s): 
Ozone layer depletion
Manufacturing impact level: 
Low
Shipping impact(s): 
Ozone layer depletion
Shipping impact level: 
Low
Usage impact(s): 
Waste generation
Usage impact level: 
Low
End of life impact(s): 
Ozone layer depletion
End of life impact level: 
Medium


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