Novinpak system Life Cycle Assessment

Posted by mariana.veras-a...
Type: 
Full LCA available on the web
Comparative: 
yes
Publication year: 
2014
Language: 
English
Code: 
Package/Container (not paper specific)
Product: 
Wine bottle
Quality and sources
Is the study a: 
Detailed LCA
Was a critical review performed?: 
Yes
Is the study compliant with ISO 14044?: 
Yes
Sponsor name(s): 
Irstea - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture
Sponsor name(s): 
ELSA - Environmental Life cycle and Sustainability Assessment
Sponsor name(s): 
ITAP - Information,Technologies, Analyse environnementale, Procédés agricoles
Sponsor type: 
University
Sponsor type: 
Public administration
Sponsor type: 
Union, Federation
Practitioner(s): 
Yves Gérand
Practitioner(s): 
Philippe Roux
Practitioner(s) type: 
Institut/Technical research center
Summary
Functional unit: 
“To deliver 75cL of south of France cool (3°C) rosé wine to French and Japanese consumers, with a one year conservation duration without any significant change of taste.”
Goal and scope of the summary: 
The objectives of the study are: O1. To quantify the environmental contributions of the main life cycle stages of a 75 cl rosé wine bottle from vineyard to consumers. This life cycle includes vine growing, winemaking, packaging and distribution of two quality wine packaging options (the Novinpak® PET/RPET and glass bottles) O2. To assess the influence on potential environmental impacts of the final consumers’ location, be it on the transportation or on the end of life options. Two contrasted locations (internal market and long distance export) should be studied including different distances from production and different options for waste treatment. The two existing systems studied are: A 390g white glass bottle closed with an aluminium screw cap and filled with rosé wine (75cL) as commonly used by UCCOAR. A 42g PET/RPET mix bottle closed with a plastic screw cap and filled with rosé wine (75cL): the prototype developed and tested within the Novinpak project.

    Comparatively, the glass bottle system shows significantly higher potential impacts for 8 impact categories for which impact characterization methods quality is sufficient according to the JRC classification (level I or II), namely particulate matter, photochemical ozone formation, climate change, acidification and eutrophication (terrestrial, marine and freshwater). 

    Only one impact category significantly dominated by the PET/RPET system benefits from a sufficient characterization method quality level (according to the JRC classification): Ozone depletion. However, no conclusion can be drawn since these impact categories are lead by preoccupying LCI values in the PET and RPET resins datasets. 
    The two remaining impact categories dominated by the PET/RPET system are not of sufficient quality (level II/III or III according to the JRC classification) to be further exploited. 
    The freshwater ecotoxicity and mineral, fossil and renewable resource depletion impact categories are not of sufficient quality (level II/III or III according to the JRC classification) to be further exploited.

Material impact(s): 
Acidification
Ozone layer depletion
Water consumption
Waste generation
Global warming
Eutrophication
Toxicity / Eco-toxicity
Raw material impact level: 
Medium
Manufacturing impact(s): 
Acidification
Ozone layer depletion
Water consumption
Waste generation
Global warming
Eutrophication
Toxicity / Eco-toxicity
Manufacturing impact level: 
Medium
Shipping impact(s): 
Acidification
Ozone layer depletion
Water consumption
Waste generation
Global warming
Eutrophication
Toxicity / Eco-toxicity
Shipping impact level: 
Medium
Usage impact(s): 
Acidification
Ozone layer depletion
Water consumption
Global warming
Eutrophication
Toxicity / Eco-toxicity
Usage impact level: 
Low
End of life impact(s): 
Acidification
Ozone layer depletion
Water consumption
Global warming
Eutrophication
Toxicity / Eco-toxicity
End of life impact level: 
Low


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